Modafinil is an oral drug that is used for improving wakefulness in patients with excessive drowsiness. It is just like amphetamines, Modafinil promotes wakefulness by stimulating the brain. The precise mechanism of action of Modafinil is unknown. It should work by increasing the quantity of dopamine.
Why Is This Medication Prescribed?
Modafinil is employed to treat excessive drowsiness caused by hypersomnia or narcolepsy. This is a condition that causes excessive daytime drowsiness. Hypersomnia may be a chronic sickness of the brain and spinal cord which is characterized mostly by uncontrollable need to sleep. Or this can be for shift work disorder that may be a drowsiness throughout regular waking hours and problem in falling asleep. Shift work disorder may be a condition which the traditional rhythm of sleep is disturbed, usually as a result of working at night. And this is also given with those that have problem in staying asleep throughout regular sleeping hours for those who work on night or on rotating shifts.
Modafinil is additionally used together with respiration devices or alternative treatments to stop excessive drowsiness caused by obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) that may be a disorder which the patient shortly stops respiration or breathes shallowly persistently throughout sleep and so does not get enough quiet sleep. Apnea may be a condition wherever sleep is consistently interrupted at midnight as a result of pauses in respiration or shallow respiration sometimes because of obstruction of the higher airway. Modafinil is belongs to the category of medicines referred to as wakefulness promoting agents. It works by changing the amounts of natural substances within the area of the brain that controls sleep and wakefulness.
How Should Modafinil Be Used?
It is not noted however how Modafinil works to extend wakefulness. It’s thought to work by the chemicals in the brain that affect the management of sleep or wake cycle. Modafinil doesn’t replace the lack of sleep and may not be fit to treat fatigue or hold off sleep in people that have sleep disorder. This medication isn’t suggested to be used in kids.
Modafinil comes as a pill to be taken orally. It’s sometimes taken once every day with or without food. If you’re taking Modafinil to treat hypersomnia or OSAHS, you’ll most likely take it in the morning. If you’re taking Modafinil to treat shift work disorder, you’ll most likely take it one hour before the start of your shift.
Take Modafinil at constant time on a daily basis. Don’t modify the time of day that you just take Modafinil while not letting your doctor know about it. Talk over with your doctor if your shift doesn’t begin at constant time on a daily basis. Follow the directions on your prescription label rigorously, and ask your doctor or health care provider to explain anything that you do not understand. Take Modafinil specifically as directed.
The Proper Drug Dose And Interactions
The proper dose is 200 mg once daily not to exceed 400 mg. It ought to be administered within the morning for treating hypersomnia or obstructive apnea, and one hour before those with shift work disorder. It can be taken with or without food. The 400 mg dose might not be more effective than the 200 mg dose.
Drugs which will show improved effects or toxicity if Modafinil is taken are anticoagulant (Coumadin), Valium, propranolol (Inderal),imipramine (Tofranil), desipramine (Norpramin), diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin) and anticonvulsant drug (Mesantoin). Some other medication which will increase the effectiveness and toxicity of Modafinil are the carbamazepine (Tegretol), Luminal, and bactericide (Rifadin).
Other medication, like ketoconazole (Nizoral) and antimycotic agent (Sporanox) might slow down the effectiveness of Modafinil. Stimulant might delay the action of Modafinil.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Modafinil?
Get emergency medical assistance if you’ve got associate degree of those signs of an allergic reaction such as hives, problem breathing, and swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop Taking Modafinil And Ask Your Doctor Directly If You’ve Got Any Of These Serious Side Effects:
- fever, inflammatory disease, headache, and emesis with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash;
- bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness;
- easy bruising or bleeding;
- white patches or sores within your mouth or on your lips;
- hallucinations, uncommon thoughts
If any of those effects persist or worsen, advise your doctor or health care provider promptly. Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication as a result of he or she has judged that the profit to you is more than the danger of side effects. Many of people who have try this medication don’t have serious side effects. Tell your doctor instantly if any of those rare however serious side effects occur such as mental or mood changes like agitation, confusion, depression, abnormal thoughts, hallucinations.
Seek immediate medical attention if any of those rare however terribly serious side effects are noted such as fast, pounding, irregular heartbeat, signs of infection like fever, persistent sore throat. A very serious sensitivity to the present drug is rare. However, stop taking this medication and get immediate medical attention if you notice any of the subsequent symptoms of allergic reaction like rash, itching, swelling especially at the face, tongue, throat, skin blisters and peeling, severe lightheadedness and bother respiration.
What Are The Precautions When Taking Modafinil?
Before taking Modafinil, tell your doctor or health care provider if you’re allergic to it; or if you have got the other allergies. This product could contain inactive ingredients, which may cause aversions or different issues. Discuss with your health care provider for a lot of details. This medication shouldn’t be used if you have got any medical conditions like heart problem known as left ventricle thickening, a history of previous reaction like chest pain, irregular heartbeat to stimulants.
The effectiveness of Modafinil drug can only be measured if the right dosage and prescription is followed. This is followed by constant monitoring in case side effects will occur. The narcolepsy, apnea and other sleeping disorder can be effectively treated with the said drug if proper consultation, healthy diet and lifestyle and dosage is done regularly while taking it.